Reduce Risk by Switching from Multifocal Lenses to Single Focus
Seniors who wear multifocal prescription glasses could reduce their risk of falling if they switch to a single-focus lens while walking outdoors. Researchers studied 606 seniors aged 65 and older who used such lenses while walking outdoors.
Half the seniors were given single-focus prescription lenses to use while outside; half multifocal lenses. Overall, falls were reduced by 8% among the single-focus lens cohort. There was a 40% reduction among those who were used to walking around outside,
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Injuries from falls traced to decline in ability to mentally estimate and anticipate stepping and reaching distances.
Professor Carl Gabbard, director of the Texas A&M Motor Development Laboratory, focused on “estimation of reachability” — whether an object is within or out of reach.
Gabbard explains that before actions are performed the mind simulates the action ahead of time and gives an estimate of the possible outcomes or consequences. You can easily relate that to visualizing a golf shot for example.
In older people, the ability to estimate their capabilities declines. Mostly they overestimate. That leads to falls.
The Benefits of Gardening for Seniors
Do you want to remain active as a senior? Get into gardening! There are many benefits of gardening for seniors.
Gardening is one of those activities that is proven to be low impact, reduce stress, and improve your overall health and wellbeing. It is possible to overdo it, however, and strain muscles, joints and even end up with lightheadedness. Let’s look at the benefits of gardening for seniors.
There are some quick and simple ways to enjoy your gardening tasks without taxing your body too much, giving you all the benefits of this healthful activity.
Pick the right time
In the middle of a hot July day, with the full sun beating down on your head, is not the ideal time to start weeding! Early mornings or the early evenings are much better times to get down to the harder tasks in gardening. Leave the middle of the day to enjoy your space from the comfort of a swinging hammock or a patio set, complete with an umbrella and a cool drink.
Pick easy plants
Just like people, some plants are high maintenance. Roses, for example, require a lot of tending, protection from the elements, disease, and insects, pruning, and so on, to remain beautiful year over year. Skip those at the garden centre and instead, focus in on a few plants and shrubs that will be easy to maintain.
First off, go for perennials. They come back every year, saving you the effort of replanting. Depending on where you are in the country and what hardiness zone your area is in, you can look at some of the following for beautiful color and ease of care:
- Yucca plants—This is lovely green foliage that grows to up to five feet in width, taking up a good chunk of space, leaving you with needing fewer plants to manage. In particular, the red flowered yucca has been known to double in size in a season and is very hardy in a range of planting conditions, in addition to having beautiful red blooms.
- Yarrow—The blooms on this plant are gorgeous and can last all the way until first frost, returning the following spring.
- Ornamental grasses—While not a bloom, these are excellent to have in raised garden beds or even containers, creating a flowy, textured backdrop to whatever other plants are in with them.
- Campsis climbing vines—This is the kind of no fuss plant that anyone with the least green of green thumbs can grow. Set it up near a trellis and point it in the right direction. It will do the rest.
If you’re worried about plants seeding and spreading, choose sterile cultivars (unable to provide / spread viable seeds) such as ‘blue chip’ buddleias; these are easy to plant and will take care of themselves.
If you’re set on having roses, you’re in luck: in hardiness zones 5-10, you can grow Flower Carpet Groundcover roses, which are resistant to disease and easy to prune. All you need to get started is a good quality soil and some mulch, like Rubber Mulch, that requires little effort on your part but provides significant benefits to your garden.
Pick manageable growing areas
If you’re not up to raised beds and widespread planting, consider alternatives like container gardening. Multiple large pots and urns can be filled with herbs, flowers, grasses and even placed in front of a trellis or next to an arbor, to allow the climbers to flourish. You can access the container more easily than ground level growing, using a stool if you prefer, rather than getting on your knees.
Another great option is called a vertical garden. This is a popular option in smaller gardens where growing beds and other planting areas are more difficult to manage. All you need is a series of rods, creating a hanging area, on which you can attach planters. You can have multiple rows, from the ground upwards. Fill your planters with veggie plants, herbs and flowers and you’ve got an instant privacy wall if you need it and more space for your hammock!
Pick the right tools
A few tools that will make getting the gardening done easier and more pleasant:
- Long handled tools that will allow you to manage your weeding and hoeing without kneeling. Look also for ergonomic handles, which are kinder to the joints, in all your tools but particularly in a shovel, which should also be lightweight, to avoid strains. The only tool where you want to avoid lightweight materials is your garden spade: this should be a solid tool that can handle the harder soils.
- Add a water wand to your hose to create a long handle when you need to reach higher levels, like hanging plants. An easy-to-squeeze trigger handle is a must!
- A garden cart will make it easier to transport your soil from the car, or your plants around the garden. Some even come with a seat, so it can double as a gardening stool!
- Knee pads for those times when you absolutely must get down to ground level.
- Power tools for the bigger tasks. A manual mower is a nice idea but can be very tiresome after a while. There is nothing wrong in deciding that a power mower is more your style!
- For any tool that cuts, make sure that it is sharp! Dull pruning shears or garden scissors will make it that much more difficult to get the job done.
The benefits of gardening for seniors is many. Small adjustments to your choices and purchases will make your gardening activities that much more enjoyable for the long term. Don’t forget your hat, water and sunscreen. Even if it’s overcast out, dehydration and sun stroke are real causes for concern at any age. Above all, enjoy your time in the garden!